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初中散文教学中窦桂梅“主题教学”中运用分析

论文发布时间:09-09 |  来源:论文网收集 |  发布者: |阅读:次.


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  摘要   
  窦桂梅的“主题教学”在小语界发展得如火如荼,但在中学语文教学中还鲜有涉及。对于“主题”的概念,窦老师有自己的界定,“主题”是指那些与儿童的精神世界,现实生活或与历史典故,习俗和风俗有关的“触发点”,“共鸣点”和“激动点”,指能引起学生情感共鸣的“点”。通过“主题教学”的授课,使学生更好地感悟生活,在理解生活的基础上更好地理解课文内容。“主题教学”对于语文教学的诸要素大有裨益,于学生而言,有利于阅读教学与精神发展的融合。阅读教学并不是强调阅读的形式,而是在于阅读的内容和阅读的效果,“主题教学”让学生安静地阅读,给学生一个安静阅读,独立思考的空间,这样的阅读教学关系到学生生活意义的养成。于语文教学本身而言,有利于语文教学与生活体验的整合。实现语文与生活的融合是语文教学的目标,教材只是一个基础,课堂只是一个平台,语文是生活,培养人才是最终目标。寻找、确定主题,寻找并确定主题,将主题视为导火索,使课堂内外的生活充分燃烧,为学生在课堂上成长建立有效的途径。于教师而言,有利于促进教师不断学习,充盈自身。“主题教学”课堂容量大,密度高,需要教师具备大量的知识储备并能灵活地调动运用,促使教师不断加强自身的学习,提高自身的专业素养。
  
  总而言之,在新课改背景下,对窦桂梅“主题教学”这一理论的研究于学生核心素养的提高有积极意义。
  
  本论文主要分为两大部分:理论和实践,理论主要是介绍窦桂梅的“主题教学”理论;实践是初中散文教学实践。通过介绍窦桂梅“主题教学”这一理论的特点和意义,探讨这一理论在初中散文教学中如何具体实施。以部编版七年级课文课文《秋天的怀念》作为课例,运用“主题教学”对教师提出的备课要求,来设计教学案例,并批判性地思考在小学语文中已经发展成熟的理论在初中语文教学中的适用性,分析初中生的认知特点和初中课文的选文特点,总结了具体实施过程中应该注意的方面,并提出优化策略,希望通过优化这一理论,使“主题教学”的适用性更广,探寻语文教学的有效之法。
  
  关键词: 窦桂梅;主题教学;初中散文。
     Abstract   
  Dou Guimei's "theme Teaching" developed in full swing in the small language circle, and rarely involved in middle school Chinese teaching. Mr. Dou has his own definition of "theme", which refers to "trigger points", "consonant points" and "motivational points" related to the child's spiritual world, real life or historical allusions, customs and customs. It refers to the "point" which can resonate with the students' feelings, and the specific expression of "theme" is often "words" which belong to "life meaning". Through the teaching idea of "subject teaching", we can find the students'"resonance point" and "resonance point" to better perceive the text on the basis of understanding life. This one As far as students are concerned, the study is conducive to the integration of reading teaching and spiritual development. Reading in class is not to emphasize the form of reading, it seems to be noisy, but to let students read quietly, give students a quiet reading, independent thinking space. This kind of reading teaching is related to the growth of students' life. As far as Chinese teaching itself is concerned, it is beneficial to the integration of Chinese teaching and life experience. Realizing the integration of Chinese and life is the goal of Chinese teaching. Teaching material is only a foundation, classroom is only a platform,Chinese is life, training talents is the ultimate goal. Look for, identify the theme, find and determine the theme, see the theme as the fuse, Make the life inside and outside the classroom fully burn, for students in the classroom to establish an effective way to grow up. In a word, under the background of the new curriculum reform, the research on Dou Guimei's "subject teaching" theory is of positive significance to the improvement of students' core accomplishment.
  
  The thesis is mainly divided into two parts: theory and practice, and the theory is mainly to introduce the "the subject teaching" theory of "Guimei"; the practice is theteaching practice of the junior high school. Based on the introduction of the famous education theory of the small-language and the characteristics and significance of thetheory of the "the subject teaching" of Guimei, this paper discusses the[代写论文就找saylUn.coM原创论文网,QQ:562.2.3941] application of this theory in the junior middle school's prose, and selects the "memory of the fall" as an example to design the teaching case by using the "the subject teaching" 's preparation requirements for teachers. It is necessary to take into account the cognitive characteristics of the junior middle school students and the selection of the text of the junior middle school in the application of the theory of the small-language teaching in the Chinese teaching of junior middle school. Some aspects should be paid attention to in the process of implementation, and the optimization strategy is put forward, hoping that through optimizing this theory, the applicability of this theory will be wider, and the effective method of Chinese teaching will be explored.

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Tags: 散文 初中 主题 教学中 窦桂梅  
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